Nobel Prize in medicine goes to Swedish scientist for genome research

Swedish scientist Svante Pääbo won the Nobel Prize in medicine Monday for his discoveries on human evolution that provided key insights into our immune system and what makes us unique compared with our extinct cousins, the award’s panel said.

Mr. Pääbo spearheaded the development of new techniques that allowed researchers to compare the genome of modern humans and that of other hominins – the Neanderthals and Denisovans.

While Neanderthal bones were first discovered in the mid-19th century, only by unlocking their DNA – often referred to as the code of life – have scientists been able to fully understand the links between species.

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